On Saturday, July 9, 2011 The Republic of South Sudan became the world's newest country. A referendum was held from January 9 to 15, 2011 to determine if South Sudan should declare its independence from Sudan, with 98.83% of the population voting for independence.
There are many challenges that face this new nation as serious and difficult disputes still remain between The Republic of South Sudan and Sudan, such as the sharing of oil revenues as an estimated 80% of the oil in the nation is secured from South Sudan, which would represent amazing economic potential for one of the world's most deprived areas. The region of Abyei still remains disputed and a separate referendum will be held in Abyei on whether they want to join North or South Sudan. The South Kordofan conflict broke out in June 2011 between the Army of Suan and the SPLA over the Nuba Mountains.
The pictures below are of the celebrations of The Republic of South Sudan's first day of independence.